Основан в 1907 году
в России и за рубежом
Автор анализирует Концепт «Основной школьный предмет» в образовательном дискурсе на материале американской средней школы (high school). Ядро концепта включает названия предметов и уроков, входящих в список обязательных для изучения в старших классах в большинстве штатов. Ключевые слова: институциональный дискурс, образовательный дискурс, концепт, таксономия, школа, лексика
EDUCATIONAL DISCOURSE: CONCEPT «CORE HIGH SCHOOL SUBJECT» IN AMERICAN HIGH SCHOOL SETTING
Penkov Boris Victor
Abstract: The paper describes the Concept called «Core High School Subject» in the educational discourse in the American high school setting. The nucleus of the concept are subjects, which are required to take during the high school years in most states; that is, for the duration of three or four years or before graduation from the school program if we talk about online or home schooling. The author examines the concept as part of a larger framework of institutional educational discourse. The discourse and its concepts are semantic entities with compound structures, which are analyzed from the point of view of its conceptual basis as well as extensive socio-cultural characteristics (associations, emotions, evaluations, national images and connotations) transmitted by discourse participants into American culture and education. The high school related texts demonstrate reappearance of lexical and semantic features, which serve not only as the components of the concept but also as reliable and recognizable markers of the educational discourse. The taxonomy of the core subjects develops due to common (for any educational discourse) and individual factors (special for the American high school phenomenon). The author contributes to the building of the descriptive model and taxonomy of institutional discourse, especially the administrative genre of educational discourse in a high school setting.
Key words: institutional discourse, educational discourse, classification, taxonomy, high school, concept, semantics