Основан в 1907 году
в России и за рубежом
об образовательной организации
The impact of the Soviet collapse in 1991 had been felt stronger in northeast Arctic regions than in other regions of Russia, enterprises and farms were suddenly liquidated by various reasons. Political and economic reforms produced abrupt changes in the demographic situation. Unlike other demographic processes, migration responded quickly to the changes going on in society. This process was set off by the slash of the army and closure of numerous industrial enterprises based on natural resource use as these became unprofitable in the conditions of market economy. Market orientation immediately laid bare the relative overpopulation of the northern regions which the people were in a hurry to leave.
Chukotka, the most northeastern region of Russia, faced a severe economic slump and significant depopulation during the 1990s. In contrast to the gloomy past of the region in the 1990s, now Chukotka is experiencing a revival fostered by new kinds of economic activities related to natural resource use, resulting in an improvement in the living conditions of the people since 2000.
This paper investigates social conditions of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug of Russian Federation in the transition period. Post-Soviet transformation of natural resource use in Chukotka in comparison with other regions and sociodemographic features of the development of the region have been partially investigated by Russian scientists (Zaionchkovskaya, 2005; Motrich, 2006; Lomakina, 2009; Litvinenko, 2012). Our paper complements their studies by investigation of the relationship between the transformation of natural resource use, population dynamics and settlement pattern in Chukotka on variety of local areas.