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Litvinenko140216

Наименование публикации:Litvinenko140216Авторы:Литвиненко Т. В. 
Takeshi Murota
Тематическая область:География
Вид публикации:Статья в журнале
Электронная публикация:НетЯзык издания:РусскийГод издания:2012Страна издания: Япония Наименование журнала или сборника:Doshisha University Economic ReviewНомер журнала (с указанием года):vol. 64, no. 1, 2012.Количество страниц:18Количество печатных листов:1Тираж, экз:500Библиографическая ссылка: Takeshi Murota and Тamara Litvinenko Recent Emergence of Ancestral Commons in Southern Siberia: A Case Study of Reindeer Husbandry in Todzhinskii County, Tyva Republic, Doshisha University Economic Review, vol. 64, no. 1, 2012, pp. 1–18.Аннотация (реферат):

Based on field research, this paper describes the recent emergence of the

ancestral commons (rodovaya obshchina in Russian) of reindeer herders in Tyva

Republic, Russia. After the collapse of the state farm (sovkhoz) system under the

Soviet regime, which had previously supported their relatively stable lives, the

futures of reindeer herders suddenly became unpromising. As an institutional

solution to this problem not only in Tyva but also in other provinces in Russia,

the federal government started to allow small groups of people to form ancestral

commons with certain privileges. In Tyva, most reindeer herders are Todzu-tyva

people who live in the mountain taiga in Todzhinskii County in the northeastern

region of the republic. Although the formation of ancestral commons in the county

has been late compared with other provinces, five commons have emerged there

since the beginning of the 21st century: four related to reindeer husbandry and one

to hunting and gathering. This paper describes these five commons using a recent

data set.


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