Основан в 1907 году
в России и за рубежом
This study is an attempt to prove the hypothesis that long-term development of organizations goes in accordance with the recurring alternation of serial (vertical) and parallel (horizontal) organizational structure. Alternation is due to the need to increase the efficiency and competitiveness of businesses. The proof is going on the example of retailers, since they have separate subdivisions and hence well-defined organizational structure. Ease of access to information determined the choice of the Czech Republic retailers, but at the same time it was limited the scope of the study. A two-step cluster analysis demonstrates that all retail enterprises of one country may be represented as groups of five clusters, each of which unifies together enterprises with the same structure and similar efficiency parameters. Independent variables used in the analysis are sales volume, number of employees, labor productivity, number of locations, the number of activities types. The competitiveness of each next cluster enterprises increases. Knowledge of development pattern allows each entrepreneur to clearly determine his cluster and to develop strategy to improve current business process or elaborate a strategy for jumping to the next level of development.